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You will need to re-pot your plant once its current pot fills up with roots. Different
plants will need to be repotted at different times, depending on how quickly it grows.
A good container should be large enough to provide room for soil and roots, have sufficient
head room for proper watering, and have a drainage hole.
Clay and ceramic pots are considered to be the healthiest type of container for a
plant. This is because play pots stabilize the plant and dry out sooner than plastic
pots. They provide excellent aeration for plant roots and help protect your plant
from rapid temperature changes.
Plastic and fiberglass containers are light, inexpensive, come in lots of shapes and
colors, and are easy to handle. Plastic pots are easy to clean for reuse, need less
frequent watering and tend to accumulate fewer salts.
For healthy plants, make sure you use good, quality potting soil. Quality potting
soil is porous enough to give your plant's roots room to grow and aerate, but can
also keep water and nutrients in the pot.
Some commercial potting soils lack the nutrients needed for healthy plants. Because
of this, it is best to mix your own potting soil if you can.
Peat moss is an inexpensive material that you can find in any home gardening store.
It is available baled or bagged, and is a recommended addition to potted plants. Peat
moss helps prevent root rot, loosen soil, and improve aeration.
Vermiculite is a sterile, light-weight soil additive. Vermiculite improves soil aeration,
along with water and nutrient retention. Vermiculite is available under a variety
of trade names and comes in several different sizes.
Perlite improves soil aeration, but does not hold water and nutrients as well as vermiculite.
Be warned: perlite can cause fluoride burn on some foliage plants and this damage
can be seen on the tips of the plants.
Mix all three ingredients thoroughly.
Learn more about homemade potting soil.