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You can do a lot to prevent heart disease and stroke
Keep your blood glucose under control. You can see if it is under control by having an A1C test at least twice a year. The
A1C test tells you your average blood glucose for the past 2 to 3 months. The target
for most people is below 7.
Keep your blood pressure under control. Have it checked at every doctor visit. The target for most people is below 130/80.
Keep your cholesterol under control. Have it checked at least once a year. The targets for most people are:
Make physical activity a part of your daily routine. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week. Check with your doctor
to learn what activities are best for you. Take a half-hour walk every day. Or walk
for 10 minutes after each meal. Use the stairs instead of the elevator. Park at the
far end of the lot.
Make sure that the foods you eat are "heart-healthy". Include foods high in fiber, such as oat bran, oatmeal, whole-grain breads and cereals,
fruits, and vegetables. Cut back on foods high in saturated fat or cholesterol, such
as meats, butter, dairy products with fat, eggs, shortening, lard, and foods with
palm oil or coconut oil.
Lose weight if you need to. If you are overweight, try to exercise most days of the week. See a registered dietitian
for help in planning meals and lowering the fat and calorie content of your diet to
reach and maintain a healthy weight.
If you smoke, quit. Your doctor can tell you about ways to help you quit smoking.
Ask your doctor whether you should take an aspirin every day. Studies have shown that taking a low dose of aspirin every day can help reduce your
risk of heart disease and stroke.
Take your medicines as directed.
You may have one or more of the following warning signs (Or, you may have no warning
signs at all. Or they may come and go.):
A stroke happens when part of your brain is not getting enough blood and stops working.
Depending on the part of the brain that is damaged, a stroke can cause
Sometimes, one or more of these warning signs may happen and then disappear. You might
be having a "mini-stroke," also called a TIA (transient ischemic [TRAN-see-unt is-KEE-mik]
attack). If you have any of these warning signs, tell your doctor right away.
Cardiovascular Disease - NIH
Symptoms of Stroke - NIH
Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke [PDF]