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By Mary HightowerU of A System Division of AgricultureNov. 16, 2017
(Download this story in MS Word format here.)
FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. – Twenty years ago, people from the poultry industry sat down in
an office in Springdale, Arkansas, for a talking session on USDA implementing HACCP
into meat and poultry inspection, a regulatory change that would revolutionize how
America’s meat and poultry processing system worked.
HACCP stands for hazard analysis and critical control points, a systematic and preventative
approach to food safety. It had its roots in the space program of the 1960s, when
NASA wanted to be sure the food brought aboard its ships wouldn’t poison the astronauts.
HACCP wasn’t a simple change and it was more than making physical adjustments in plants
and educating its workers. As often happens when words meet the working reality, HACCP
regulations were subject to interpretation in situations that were unique to a particular
location or plant.
In November 1997, industry reps from Arkansas, Louisiana and Oklahoma gathered at
the Pauline Whitaker Animal Science Center, a location just a few miles from the Food
Safety Inspection Service district office in Springdale at the invitation of John
Marcy, extension poultry processing specialist. There, the discussion of HACCP began.
As industry talked about its concerns and queries, Marcy and Frank Jones, then associate
director of the Center of Excellence for Poultry Science, would then bring industry
concerns and questions to FSIS.
In those early days, the going was kind of rough.
“It was a time of great uncertainty in the industry,” said Scott Stillwell, senior
vice president of Food Safety and Quality Assurance for Tyson Foods. At the time the
roundtable began, Stillwell was in a job geared toward regulatory compliance. “What
do these regulations require? What do these regulations mean?”
“Frank and I would just pose questions to the regulators,” Marcy said. “There was
no direct conflict between industry and regulators.
“This was a safe feedback circuit,” he said. “It’s a learning experience and a place
to share experiences.”
It started off kind of tense, then it got collaborative. Laid back. Easy going,” Stillwell
said. “Once we got all the disagreements over interpretation out of the way, we got
to work with each other to make further improvements, rather than what to do to keep
the plants from shutting down.”
As years went on, the makeup of the people attending the roundtable changed along
with their jobs. The roundtable itself evolved along informal lines. There are no
minutes and no “gotcha” moments.
“I buy lunch and we socialize,” Marcy said. “That’s where the real communication takes
place. There’s a lot more give and take and people get to know each other in a non-crisis
The roundtable became so popular that “we had people coming from El Dorado, Oklahoma,
Missouri, Mississippi and Texas. We had some folks coming in from Tennessee. Oftentimes,
we would bring in one of the senior FSIS folks in town for meetings,” Stillwell said.
Location had a part to play in the roundtable’s success.
“It’s definitely helpful that the U.S.D.A. Springdale District Office is so close
to the location where we have the roundtable,” said Tina Rendon, who began attending
the meetings in 2000 from Texas even though most of Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation facilities
were outside the FSIS’s Springdale district. “Plus, the perseverance of the person
who’s hosting it – Dr. Marcy – for having done it for so many years. That helps tremendously.”
Stillwell agreed about Marcy’s role: “He’s been a stable influence, a passionate influence,
and he’s really been the glue that’s held it all together.”
Paul Kiecker joined the roundtable as FSIS district director in Springdale. He is
now FSIS acting administrator in Washington D.C.
“I appreciate what the HACCP Roundtable is able to accomplish. It continues to yield
positive results for both industry understanding and implementation of HACCP,” Kiecker
said. “The guidance on developing HACCP plans and the training that is offered is
invaluable. The HACCP Roundtable is a prime example of an industry, academia and government
partnership is positively impacting public health.”
For more information about the roundtable, contact John Marcy at (479) 575-2211or
About the Division of Agriculture
The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture’s mission is to strengthen
agriculture, communities, and families by connecting trusted research to the adoption
of best practices. Through the Agricultural Experiment Station and the Cooperative
Extension Service, the Division of Agriculture conducts research and extension work
within the nation’s historic land grant education system.
The Division of Agriculture is one of 20 entities within the University of Arkansas
System. It has offices in all 75 counties in Arkansas and faculty on five system campuses.
The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers all its Extension
and Research programs and services without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity,
sexual orientation, national origin, religion, age, disability, marital or veteran
status, genetic information, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative
Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.
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Media Contact: Mary HightowerDir. of Communication ServicesU of A System Division of AgricultureCooperative Extension Service(501) email@example.com