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By Dave Edmark U of A System Division of Agriculture
FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. – A research and tech transfer project that started out as “an
academic lemonade stand,” is now part of company with global reach whose royalties
help boost education and research within the University of Arkansas System Division
In October, when the multinational biotechnology company Novozymes acquired the Fayetteville-based
Pacific Vet Group-USA, it was the latest step in the evolution of a business that
began nearly 15 years ago in Division of Agriculture research labs.
With 23 employees, including nine UA graduates, now on the staff, Pacific Vet Group-USA
has several new technologies in the works and four products in the pipeline.
“The real goal for starting this was to try to sponsor research and to transfer Division
of Agriculture technology,” said Billy Hargis, a poultry science research professor
who was there at the beginning. “The excitement of this is that it’s actually turned
into something. This would not have happened without the Division of Agriculture administration
being supportive of this type of activity. It’s a little bit outside the box.”
Probiotics for birds
Hargis was referring to the early 2000s when he and poultry science professor Guillermo
Tellez were working with a major poultry integrator on a beneficial bacteria to solve
diarrhea problems in the birds that were complicated by bacterial infections. But
there were also beneficial bacteria – probiotics – within the gastrointestinal tract
that Hargis and Tellez determined would be able to compete with the pathogenic bacteria
and avoid the use of antibiotics.
“Nurturing scientific discoveries into market products is among the most valuable
things we do,” said Mark Cochran, U of A System Vice President for Agriculture. “Each
invention takes a unique path to commercialization. “This is a great example of true
public/private collaboration that has brought our research to the marketplace in a
Early research was driven by collaborations among Annie Donoghue of the U.S. Department
of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Dan Donoghue of the poultry science
research faculty, Hargis, Tellez and a host of graduate students and technicians from
The business angle began when the poultry integrator told Hargis and Tellez it wanted
its lab product made available for treating its flocks. “We’re talking about a fairly
substantial number of animals,” Hargis said. “The problem was we couldn’t produce
that type of material in a research laboratory. It’s too large a scale and we’d have
to scale up production.”
So in 2003 the poultry integrator offered to pay for starting a small company to produce
the probiotics. The company called Sigrah Zellet LLC was born. (The odd-looking name
is Hargis and Tellez spelled backwards.) The Division and the poultry integrator shared
ownership but it was still a small operation with only Hargis, Tellez and graduate
student Chris Pixley to take care of business. They found that running a business
was not what a small group of scientists was best equipped to do.
“It was basically an academic lemonade stand,” Hargis said. “For example, our idea
of inventory control was to look on the shelf and see what we had. And our idea of
accounting was looking at the checkbook.”
Sigrah Zellet began working with the Asian affiliate of Pacific Vet Group to handle
distribution of its product overseas, leading Asian customers accounting for 70 percent
of Sigrah Zellet’s sales. Pixley, who had been a doctoral student under Hargis, was
Sigrah Zellet’s only full-time employee and noted that the U.S. market needed to be
“The majority of our money was being made exporting products when we were actually
sitting right in the heart of poultry country,” said Pixley, who is now vice president
of operations for Pacific Vet Group-USA. “We knew there were things we could do to
improve our U.S. presence but it would take money and expertise to make that happen.”
In 2008, Pacific Vet Group stepped in to purchase Sigrah Zellet’s assets and ramp
up the operations. Bill Davies, Pacific Vet Group-USA’s chief executive officer, said
the company inherited a solid organization ready to go to the next level. By 2015
the company’s sales ratio had shifted to 80 percent domestic and 20 percent international
as it realized a significant boost in revenue.
“During the Sigrah Zellet years they were basically running it as an academic spinoff.
They developed the initial products and they established the relationship with the
university,” Davies said. “Pacific Vet Group took it from that stage up to where it
was a true commercial enterprise. It had facilities and manufacturing activities,
repeat customers and was a meaningful maturation of something that started with Hargis,
Tellez and Pixley.”
Pixley described the mission of the company in its various phases as a business seeking
to offer solutions for the poultry industry for everyday problems. The current drive
worldwide to eliminate the use of antibiotics and growth promoters has been a major
force in the company’s development and distribution of alternative products. “We were originally a company that was basically selling Division of Agriculture
technology,” Pixley said. “Now we’re a company that utilizes Division of Agriculture
technology which it has licensed to create products.” The Division receives royalties
from the sale of these licensed products.
Pixley said its in-house product development was assisted by contract research with
the Division of Agriculture.
“The relationship has been mutually beneficial,” Pixley said. “We’ve had access to
great talent and great facilities and resources. If we have questions, we can find
friends in the Department of Poultry Science to help us, and that’s very meaningful.”
The company now operates as a subsidiary of Novozymes and its name will eventually
change to Novozymes Animal Health and Nutrition USA Inc. Pixley noted that Novozymes
is aware of the need to improve technologies to create more food and views the U.S.
market as important for food production with the poultry industry as a major part
of it. He said Pacific Vet Group has been well aligned with Novozymes’ corporate goal
of providing biological solutions to drive a more sustainable approach to food production.
“We’ve been able to develop products that mitigate salmonella and impact salmonella
infection,” Pixley said. “We work with the technologies that help make food safer.”
For more information about the Division of Agriculture’s research, visit aaes.uark.edu.
The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers all its Extension
and Research programs and services without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity,
sexual orientation, national origin, religion, age, disability, marital or veteran
status, genetic information, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative
Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.
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Media Contact: Dave EdmarkU of A Division of Agriculture(479-575-6940)email@example.com