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TEXARKANA, Ark. –
The baking ingredients are the key to getting homemade rolls like grandma used to
make. Like most foods you cook, good quality ingredients are important. Luckily you
don’t need too many ingredients. In fact, most of the ingredients you need you probably
Yeast is the essential ingredient that makes the dough rise and gives home-baked bread
its wonderful taste and aroma. Other ingredients are added to complete the reactions
that result in perfect yeast rolls.
In yeast, there are thousands of living plant-like microorganisms. When activated
by warm liquid, and fed by starch or sugar, the yeast releases tiny bubbles of carbon
dioxide gas. This gas is what makes the dough rise and achieve its light texture after
There are several types of yeast; active dry yeast, rapid rise yeast, compressed or
cake yeast or bread machine yeast. Choose the type which works best for your baking
Flour is an essential ingredient for bread baking. Wheat is the most common type of
flour used in bread baking. It includes all-purpose flour, bread flour, and whole
Wheat is rich in gluten, a protein that gives dough its elasticity and strength. When
yeast and flour are mixed with liquid, then kneaded or beaten, the gluten forms and
stretches to create a network that traps the carbon dioxide bubbles produced by the
Water is a most important liquid because it dissolves and activates the yeast, and
blends with the flour to create a sticky and elastic dough.
Milk, buttermilk, or cream may be added to enhance the flavor or texture. Only add
warm liquids to dry ingredients in a recipe, because liquid which is too cool will
slow or stop yeast action, and liquid which is too hot will kill the yeast and prevent
it from rising.
The ideal temperature ranges are 100 degree F.-110 degree F. when yeast is dissolved
in water; 120 degree F-130 degree F when dissolved yeast is added to dry ingredients.
Sweetener is essential in adding the brown color to the bread’s crust, as well as
flavor. Brown sugar, honey, or molasses may also be used.
Yeast bread will not work without salt. Salt slows rising time, allowing the flavor
of the dough to develop. It also adds structure to the dough by strengthening the
gluten, which keeps the carbon dioxide bubbles from expanding too rapidly.
Eggs add color and flavor to breads. They also help with a tender crust. Some recipes
call for eggs to be used as a wash that adds color.Yeast breads have fat to make the bread moist and tender. Butter, margarine, shortening
or oil slows moisture loss, helping bread stay fresh longer. Do not substitute oil
for margarine or shortening unless the recipe calls for it.
For more information, contact the Miller County Extension Office, 870-779-3609 or
visit us in room 215 at the Miller County Courthouse. If you would like a copy of
“Rising to the Occasion for the Holidays” with bread recipes, call our office at 870-779-3609.
This yeast roll recipe is my sister’s recipe that has been passed down to her by her
mother-in-law. It is easy to make and can be used to make homemade cinnamon rolls.
By Carla DueU of A System Division of AgricultureMiller County Cooperative Extension Service400 Laurel Street, Suite 215 Texarkana AR 71854 (870) 779-3609 firstname.lastname@example.org
The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service is an equal opportunity/equal access/affirmative
action institution. If you require a reasonable accommodation to participate or need
materials in another format, please contact your County Extension office (or other
appropriate office) as soon as possible. Dial 711 for Arkansas Relay. The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to all eligible persons
regardless of race, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin,
religion, age, disability, marital or veteran status, genetic information, or any
other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.