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Honey is golden goodness harvested from hives of honeybees by beekeepers. It’s natural,
pure and just downright delicious. If I could rename it, I would call it liquid sunshine.
I keep a quart jar of local honey in my pantry for cooking and eating.
Honey is made by bees collecting the nectar produced by flowers and storing it in
their hives to consume during winter or periods of drought. These industrious insects
process the nectar by adding enzymes that chemically alter the sugar molecules, and
removing most of the moisture from the solution. The resulting product - honey is
thick and sweet. Ever thought about becoming a beekeeper to get more honey to yourself? Check out our
resources for beekeeping in Arkansas and get started!
When food companies want to entice consumers to buy their sweetened products, they
use terms such “honey sweetened”. Sometimes they do this even when sugar is the main
sweetener, and honey is barely present, (remember the importance of label reading
to get the real story.) Think breads, dry cereals, the list could go on. In fact,
most people might consider it healthier than sugar.
Honey is composed mostly of the monosaccharide molecules glucose and fructose, just
like table sugar. It has higher moisture content than table sugar, about 18% water.
The exact makeup of each individual honey varies somewhat, but honey is generally composed of 80% sugar (fructose & glucose), 2% minerals, vitamins,
pollen & protein.
One tablespoon of honey contains 64 Calories. By contrast, a tablespoon of sugar contains
45 Calories. However, honey tastes sweeter than sugar, and people tend to use less, thereby saving
This seems counter-intuitive because a tablespoon of contains a lower percentage of
sweeteners versus table sugar. The calorie difference can be explained by the higher
density of honey in a tablespoon compared to table sugar. A tablespoon of honey weighs
28 grams almost twice the weight of a tablespoon of sugar, 16 grams.
In sugar, the fructose and glucose molecules are bound together chemically into a
molecule called sucrose. Sugar is 100% sucrose.
In honey, the fructose and glucose molecules float around separately. There is slightly
more fructose than glucose. Since fructose is sweeter than glucose, honey is a bit
sweeter than sugar. Therefore people tend to use less.
Honey has trace amounts minerals and vitamins. This may be viewed as an advantage,
but the values are so low that honey can’t really be considered a source of these
For example, you would need to consume 40 cups of honey a day to reach your daily
If there is a negative side to honey it may be that honey may contain dormant bacteria
called clostridium botulinum. Infant botulism is a unique form of food poisoning.
Children under twelve months of age may not have a strong enough immune system or
sufficient stomach acids to fend off this form of bacterial spore. When a young child
eats the tainted honey, the bacterial spores activate and produce botulism food poisoning.
Although the risk is very low, children should not be fed honey until they have reached
one year of age to avoid potential food poisoning.
So is there a definitive answer to which is healthier, honey or sugar? Both should
be consumed in limited amounts. Honey may have a slight edge, but excess consumption
of either is more dangerous to your health than the advantage of choosing one over