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Here are some tips to remember as the weather begins to change.
Nashville, Ark. – Sometime after a hard freeze, clean up your perennials by cutting
back dead stalks leaving 2- to 3-inch stalks and replenish the bed’s mulch. Remove
old mulch in areas where you had a severe disease problem or an insect infestation.
Diseases and insects can certainly overwinter in the old mulch.
The easiest method to have more perennials from one plant is division.
Dividing perennials is not difficult and can be done as the plant begins to decline
this fall. A general rule: plants that bloom in the spring should be divided in the
fall, with fall bloomers divided in the spring. Summer performers can be done either
season, but many choose fall for a stronger plant next season. As the plants enter
dormancy, the plant will spend its energy establishing roots and not foliage; thus
giving you a stronger plant next growing season. Lift the plants that need division,
and divide them using a sharp knife or spade, being careful to have a crown for each
You can still plant garlic if you haven’t already. Garlic will grow roots
through the winter and foliage will appear in February or March. Harvest next summer
as tops begin to yellow. You can plant the culinary garlic you find in the grocery
Fall is a good time to plant shrubs and trees in the landscape.
If you have been needing to move some established plants around in the
landscape, fall is the time to do so. Transplant deciduous plants after the leaves
have dropped and evergreen plants can be transplanted after the first hard freeze.
It’s time to replenish compost heaps with the ample supply of leaves.
Remember to add some nitrogen to your layers of leaves for faster decomposition. You
can use animal manure or commercial fertilizer for your nitrogen source. If you don’t
have good directions on composting, call or come by the Extension office and we will
be glad to give you a composting fact sheet with easy to follow directions.
When planting pansies, and other winter annuals, be sure to use a fertilizer
high in phosphorous. Superphosphate will work. This will stimulate root development
which is needed to survive a cold winter. Pansies planted several weeks ago could
use one more shot of nitrogen before winter sets in.
Spring flowering bulbs need to be planted by early December. Later planted
bulbs run the risk of not getting enough chilling hours to bloom properly, especially
if we have a mild winter. As a rule, bulbs should be planted three times deeper than
the diameter of the bulb.
Don’t prune roses now. Fall pruning will encourage winter die back. Mulch
roses up past graft union for winter protection.
It’s not unusual to start seeing some spring flowering bulbs foliage starting
to appear in the fall or early winter. Whatever you do, don’t cut off the foliage
or you won’t have a flower next spring. Each bulb only contains one set of leaves,
flowers and roots and damaging these can damage your bulb. Simply ignore them, lightly
mulch, and wait for a bloom next spring.
Recycle disease-free annual potted plants and potting medium by adding
them to the compost pile or directly into the garden. Be sure to break up root balls
from the plants.
Clean up emptied pots with a 10 percent bleach solution to get rid of
any plant pathogens.
Winterize your irrigation system by following recommended procedures with
your particular system. Remove hoses from outside nozzles to prevent freezing, but
keep your hose handy for winter watering in those dry protected spots. Winterize ornamental
ponds if needed and birdbaths if needed. Clay pots need to be put in dry storage,
particularly those which are not sealed.
A soil test of all garden plots is recommended at least every 3 years.
This is a great time to get a soil analysis. You can make soil improvements this winter
before spring planting begins.
Some people have noticed fallen twigs from pecan and hickory trees. These
twigs are no more than a half inch through and appear to have been cut off. This is
damage done by an insect called twig-girdler. This beetle lays its eggs on the twig
and cuts it off. This damage is more spectacular than damaging to the tree. The only
control recommended is to pick up the twigs and then destroy them, thus destroying
Apply the last nitrogen (N) application to your tall fescue lawn sometime
in late November. Apply 1-2 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft. of actual N. This would be 3-6
lbs./1,000 sq. ft. of 34-0-0. If you have been fertilizing well, use the lower rate
For more information, you can visit www.uaex.uada.edu or send an email to email@example.com. Howard County Extension office is still working and is there for all the residents
in Howard County during this time.
By Samantha Kroll County Extension Agent - AgricultureThe Cooperative Extension ServiceU of A System Division of Agriculture
Media Contact: Samantha Kroll County Extension Agent - AgricultureU of A Division of AgricultureCooperative Extension Service421 N. Main Nashville AR 71852 (870) 845-7517 firstname.lastname@example.org
The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service is an equal opportunity/equal access/affirmative
action institution. If you require a reasonable accommodation to participate or need
materials in another format, please contact your County Extension office (or other
appropriate office) as soon as possible. Dial 711 for Arkansas Relay. The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers all its Extension
and Research programs and services without regard to race, color, sex, gender identity,
sexual orientation, national origin, religion, age, disability, marital or veteran
status, genetic information, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative
Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.