Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds.
Farm bill, farm marketing, agribusiness webinars, & farm policy.
Find tactics for healthy livestock and sound forages.
Scheduling and methods of irrigation.
Explore our Extension locations around the state.
Commercial row crop production in Arkansas.
Agriculture weed management resources.
Use virtual and real tools to improve critical calculations for farms and ranches.
Learn to ID forages and more.
Explore our research locations around the state.
Get the latest research results from our county agents.
Our programs include aquaculture, diagnostics, and energy conservation.
Keep our food, fiber and fuel supplies safe from disaster.
Private, Commercial & Non-commercial training and education.
Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals.
Find educational resources and get youth engaged in agriculture.
Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills.
Timely tips for the Arkansas home gardener.
Creating beauty in and around the home.
Maintenance calendar, and best practices.
Coaxing the best produce from asparagus to zucchini.
What’s wrong with my plants? The clinic can help.
Featured trees, vines, shrubs and flowers.
Ask our experts plant, animal, or insect questions.
Enjoying the sweet fruits of your labor.
Herbs, native plants, & reference desk QA.
Growing together from youth to maturity.
Crapemyrtles, hydrangeas, hort glossary, and weed ID databases.
Get beekeeping, honey production, and class information.
Grow a pollinator-friendly garden.
Schedule these timely events on your gardening calendar.
Equipping individuals to lead organizations, communities, and regions.
Guiding communities and regions toward vibrant and sustainable futures.
Guiding entrepreneurs from concept to profit.
Position your business to compete for government contracts.
Find trends, opportunities and impacts.
Providing unbiased information to enable educated votes on critical issues.
Increase your knowledge of public issues & get involved.
Research-based connection to government and policy issues.
Support Arkansas local food initiatives.
Read about our efforts.
Preparing for and recovering from disasters.
Licensing for forestry and wildlife professionals.
Preserving water quality and quantity.
Cleaner air for healthier living.
Firewood & bioenergy resources.
Managing a complex forest ecosystem.
Read about nature across Arkansas and the U.S.
Learn to manage wildlife on your land.
Soil quality and its use here in Arkansas.
Learn to ID unwanted plant and animal visitors.
Timely updates from our specialists.
Eating right and staying healthy.
Ensuring safe meals.
Take charge of your well-being.
Cooking with Arkansas foods.
Making the most of your money.
Making sound choices for families and ourselves.
Nurturing our future.
Get tips for food, fitness, finance, and more!
Understanding aging and its effects.
Giving back to the community.
Managing safely when disaster strikes.
Listen to our latest episode!
Hot Springs, Ark. – Proper pruning enhances the beauty of almost any landscape tree
or shrub, while improper pruning can greatly reduce or ruin its landscape potential.
Here are a few pruning basics to remember. February to early March is a good time
for pruning, but be sure you know which plants need it. The general rule for pruning
ornamental plants is the timing of the flowers. 1. Plants that bloom in the summer such as crape myrtles, althea, butterfly bush, and summer spireas bloom on new growth
and can be pruned now. Correct pruning can actually increase summer flowering. 2.
Anything that blooms in the spring should be left alone until after it blooms. Non-blooming evergreen plants that
simply need a little shaping or shearing can be pruned a little at any season, but
if they really need severe pruning, do that now or early next month so the recovery
process happens quickly. Roses need specialized pruning. Know what type of rose
bush you are growing. To prune hybrid tea roses remove all dead and diseased stems
and cut them back 8-18 inches from the ground. Make all cuts ¼ inch above a strong
outward facing bud. Shrub roses are usually so vigorous that pruning is needed periodically
to thin out crowed stems and make way for new growth. Climbers should be allowed
to bloom in the spring before you prune them back.
Landscape trees can be pruned now. It is better not to prune them at all than to
do it incorrectly. Improper pruning methods can weaken or deform healthy plants.
Pruning, like any other skill, requires knowing what you are doing to achieve success.
The old idea that anyone with a chain saw, pruning saw or lopping shears can be a
landscape pruner is far from the truth. More trees are killed or ruined each year
from improper pruning than by pests. Remember that pruning is the removal or reduction
of certain plant parts that are not required, that are no longer effective, or that
are of no use to the plant. Pruning, which has several definitions, essentially involves
removing plant parts to improve the health, landscape effect, or value to the plant.
Once the objectives are determined and a few basic principles understood, pruning
is a matter of common sense. The necessity for pruning can be reduced or even eliminated
if you initially select the proper plant for the location. Advances in plant breeding
and selection in the nursery industry also provide a wide assortment of plants requiring
little or no pruning.
Fruit trees, blueberry bushes, and grapevines also need annual pruning and now is
the time. Annual pruning is needed to get the most production for these crops. Fruit
trees should be pruned every year to maintain their health, encourage balanced growth
and productivity and control their size and shape. When you plant a fruit tree, you
should be dedicated to giving the tree proper care and pruning to maximize both fruit
quality and quantity throughout the life of the tree. Thinning out the trees, removing
any over-crossing limbs and excess water sprouts encourages the remaining fruits to
grow larger. Increasing air circulation and sunlight penetration also helps with controlling
insects and diseases.
Muscadine grapes simply need a general shearing, while table grapes require that you
count buds. A well established, older grapevine in full sun can have a total of 60
buds left on the vines after pruning. Young grape vines should only have 10 -15 buds
left. If you leave too many fruiting buds you end up with more fruit than the vine
can support. Instead of a ripe cluster of fruit, you end up with one grape at a time
ripening and the size is greatly reduced. Blueberry bushes should have an equal number
of 1,2,3,4, and 5 year-old canes. After five years the canes become overly woody
and production goes down.
It is time to cut back your ornamental grasses and other perennials foliage that you
let remain for the winter. Check to see if any new growth has begun before pruning
so you don’t have any cut edges on this season’s growth. Removing the foliage on
evergreen Liriope and Mondo grass gives them a cleaner start.
More information is available on pruning at our website www.uaex.uada.edu and search for MP167 “Pruning Ornamental Plants” or call our office at 501-623-6841.
If you’re interested in becoming a Master Gardener and would like more information,
you’re welcome to attend their monthly meeting on the 3rd Thursday of each month at 1pm at the Elks Lodge. You may also call the Extension
office on 623-6841 or 922-4703 or email email@example.com.
Are you interested in joining an existing Extension Homemakers Club? EHC is the largest
volunteer organization in the state. For information on EHC call 623-6841 or 922-4703
or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
We have several 4-H clubs for our Garland county youth who are 5 to 19 years old.
For more information on all the fun 4-H activities there are, call the Extension Office
at 623-6841 or 922-4703 or email Linda Bates at email@example.com.
The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service is an equal opportunity/equal access/affirmative
By Allen Bates County Extension Agent - AgricultureThe Cooperative Extension ServiceU of A System Division of Agriculture
Media Contact: Allen Bates County Extension Agent - Agriculture
U of A Division of Agriculture
Cooperative Extension Service
236 Woodbine Hot Springs AR 71901
The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service is an equal opportunity/equal
access/affirmative action institution. If you require a reasonable accommodation to
participate or need materials in another format, please contact your County Extension
office (or other appropriate office) as soon as possible. Dial 711 for Arkansas Relay.
The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to all eligible
persons regardless of race, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, national
origin, religion, age, disability, marital or veteran status, genetic information,
or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity