Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds.
Farm bill, farm marketing, agribusiness webinars, & farm policy.
Find tactics for healthy livestock and sound forages.
Scheduling and methods of irrigation.
Explore our Extension locations around the state.
Commercial row crop production in Arkansas.
Agriculture weed management resources.
Use virtual and real tools to improve critical calculations for farms and ranches.
Learn to ID forages and more.
Explore our research locations around the state.
Get the latest research results from our county agents.
Our programs include aquaculture, diagnostics, and energy conservation.
Keep our food, fiber and fuel supplies safe from disaster.
Private, Commercial & Non-commercial training and education.
Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals.
Find educational resources and get youth engaged in agriculture.
Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills.
Timely tips for the Arkansas home gardener.
Creating beauty in and around the home.
Maintenance calendar, and best practices.
Coaxing the best produce from asparagus to zucchini.
What’s wrong with my plants? The clinic can help.
Featured trees, vines, shrubs and flowers.
Ask our experts plant, animal, or insect questions.
Enjoying the sweet fruits of your labor.
Herbs, native plants, & reference desk QA.
Growing together from youth to maturity.
Crapemyrtles, hydrangeas, hort glossary, and weed ID databases.
Get beekeeping, honey production, and class information.
Grow a pollinator-friendly garden.
Schedule these timely events on your gardening calendar.
Equipping individuals to lead organizations, communities, and regions.
Guiding communities and regions toward vibrant and sustainable futures.
Guiding entrepreneurs from concept to profit.
Position your business to compete for government contracts.
Find trends, opportunities and impacts.
Providing unbiased information to enable educated votes on critical issues.
Increase your knowledge of public issues & get involved.
Research-based connection to government and policy issues.
Support Arkansas local food initiatives.
Read about our efforts.
Preparing for and recovering from disasters.
Licensing for forestry and wildlife professionals.
Preserving water quality and quantity.
Cleaner air for healthier living.
Firewood & bioenergy resources.
Managing a complex forest ecosystem.
Read about nature across Arkansas and the U.S.
Learn to manage wildlife on your land.
Soil quality and its use here in Arkansas.
Learn to ID unwanted plant and animal visitors.
Timely updates from our specialists.
Eating right and staying healthy.
Ensuring safe meals.
Take charge of your well-being.
Cooking with Arkansas foods.
Making the most of your money.
Making sound choices for families and ourselves.
Nurturing our future.
Get tips for food, fitness, finance, and more!
Understanding aging and its effects.
Giving back to the community.
Managing safely when disaster strikes.
Listen to our latest episode!
There are several reports of fall armyworms in central Arkansas on some golf courses,
lawns and pastures.
Hot Springs, Ark. – There are several reports of fall armyworms in central Arkansas
on some golf courses, lawns and pastures.
Fall armyworms are caterpillars that cause damage by feeding on the leaves of
green turf. The larvae (worms) can be white, off-white, yellow, or light green in
color after they hatch and then darken in color as they develop. Once they mature,
the fall armyworms are about 1.5-inches long. They are easy to identify by the presence
of an upside-down Y marking on their head with white stripes down their body. The
worms can quickly (in a matter of a few days) turn a green turf or a pasture into
a brown area by feeding on the leaves across the area. The worms are a problem and
a great nuisance until they’re subjected to a hard frost in late October or November.
Fall armyworms do not over winter in Arkansas, instead, the adult moths catch
wind currents and gradually move into our state from the south and lay eggs. Fall
armyworm damage can appear almost overnight. Infestations can be easily overlooked
when the caterpillars are small and eating very little, but once they grow large and
eat more, the damage becomes readily apparent.
There are a few tips to remember about fall armyworms. First of all, do not treat
your lawn when armyworms are tiny, however, get prepared. Several natural enemies
such as parasites, predators and pathogens occur and can possibly eliminate or reduce
populations in a very short period of time, thereby saving you the effort. Many of
you might remember a few years ago how the parasite, Cotesia marginiventris (a wasp parasitoid), showed up in large numbers and helped control the fall armyworms
in many fields. County agents and producers saw the small white cocoon cases (of the
pupal stage) that were mistakenly thought by some to be armyworm eggs. We have seen
on several occasions that armyworm numbers will often decrease after the population
of small larvae of the wasp parasitoid has previously been seen. The fall armyworm
has about 6 larval instars (“instar” is the developmental stage of arthropods). The
last few, particularly the fifth and sixth instars are when most of the damage to
pastures occurs. Of the total foliage consumed, greater than 80–85% will occur at
these stages. The best advice is to not get over-anxious and treat before it’s really
necessary. But, do not wait until they become too large either. Harvesting an infested
hay meadow can often be an option if the hay is mature. Most of the recommended products
will work well on medium-sized larvae.
If you decide to treat the armyworms, liquid, not granular, insecticides are
usually best. Any sprayable lawn insecticide can be applied in a coarse spray over
the grass. Wet the grass thoroughly and do not mow for three days after application.
Several lawn insecticides are effective caterpillar killers, however, products
containing B.T. are effective only on small (1/2 inch or less) worms. Irrigate the grass before treating, to move the caterpillars out of the thatch. Treat
in late afternoon, as this is when the caterpillars are likely to be feeding. If
possible, mow before you treat and then do not mow for 3 days after treatment. Winter
cold has a great effect on armyworm populations. If a winter is severe, only a few
of them will survive for next year. The good news is that armyworms will not hurt
your lawn permanently. Since they feed on the grass blades and not the roots, they
very rarely, if ever, kill the grass. But lawns can be weakened by this voracious
eater, especially if they have suffered through the harsh growing conditions like
we’ve experienced this summer. For more information, call County Agent Jimmy Driggers
at 623-6841, or email him at
Master Gardener Information
If you have an interest in gardening you’re welcome to attend the monthly Master
Gardener meeting which is held on the 3rd Thursday of each month at 1pm at the Elk’s Lodge. They’re open to the public and
guests are always welcome. For information call the Extension office at 623-6841 or
922-4703 or email Allen Bates at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Would you be interested in joining an Extension Homemakers Club (EHC)? How about
forming a new club in your community? EHC is the largest volunteer organization in
the state. For more information, email our County Agent at email@example.com.
If you’re between the ages of 5 and 19, you can join 4-H! We have a club for
you, or you and a group of friends can organize your own club. For more information
call the Extension office at 623-6841, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
By Jimmy Driggers County Extension Agent - Staff ChairThe Cooperative Extension ServiceU of A System Division of Agriculture
Media Contact: Jimmy Driggers County Extension Agent - Staff Chair U of A Division of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service 236 Woodbine Hot Springs AR 71901 (501) 623-6841 email@example.com
The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service is an equal opportunity/equal access/affirmative
action institution. If you require a reasonable accommodation to participate or need
materials in another format, please contact your County Extension office (or other
appropriate office) as soon as possible. Dial 711 for Arkansas Relay. The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to all eligible persons
regardless of race, color, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin,
religion, age, disability, marital or veteran status, genetic information, or any
other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.